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  • Bogen, Jules I.  The Anthracite Railroads: A Study in American Railroad Enterprise.  New York, NY: The Ronald Press Company, 1927.

  • Bohlin, A.  The History of the Ashley Planes, 1843-1948.  Mountain Top, PA: Mountain Top Historical Society, (date unknown).  [on line: see "Websites," below]

  • Bryant, Keith L. (Ed.).  Encyclopedia of American Business History and Biography; Railroads in the Age of Regulation, 1900-1980.  Columbia, SC: Bruscoli Clark Layman, Inc., and Facts on File, 1988.

  • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey.  Coal in Pennsylvania.  Educational Series 7. Second Edition, May 2002.

  • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection.  1988 Annual Report on Mining Activities.

  • Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Departmentof Internal Affairs, Topographic and GeologicSurvey.  Geologic Map of Pennsylvania.  1960, 1:250,000 scale.

  • Connolly, Mary T. "The Gravity" - History of the Pennsylvania Coal Company Railroad, 1850-1885.   Olyphant, PA: Barrett Publishing Company, 1972.

  • Drury, George H.  The Historical Guide to North American Railroads.  Waukesha, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Co., 1991 [second edition].

  • Dublin, Thomas and Walter Light.  The Face of Decline: The Pennsylvania Anthracite Region in the Twentieth Century.  Ithaca, NY: The Cornell University Press, 2005.

  • Fry, Robert L. (Ed.).  Encyclopedia of American Business History and Biography: Railroads in the Nineteenth Century.  Columbia, SC: Bruscoli Clark Layman, Inc., and Facts on File, 1988.

  • Heydinger, E.J.  Railroads of the First and Second Anthracite Coal Fields of Pennsylvania.  Published in Bulletin of the Railway and Locomotive Historical Society, Volumes 105 through 110. [on line: see "Websites" below]

  • Holton, James L.  The Reading Railroad: History of a Coal Age Empire.  Laury's Station, PA: Garrigues House, 1989-1992.

  • Koehler, J.S.  Beaver Meadows Railroad Blazed Trails for Coal.  Hazleton, PA: Hazleton Standard Speaker, February 17, 1984.

  • Link, Arthur S.  Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era.  New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1972.

  • Miller, Donald L. and Richard E. Sharpless. The Kingdom of Coal: Work, Enterprise, and Ethnic Communities in the Mine Fields.  Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.

  • Pagoda, John.  The geological recipe for making anthracite; excerpted from, 2003. [on line: see "Websites," below]

  • Poliniak, Louis.  When Coal was King: Mining Pennsylvania's Anthracite.  Lebanon, PA: Applied Arts Publishers, 1987 (eighth printing).
  • Powell, S.R.  Delaware and Hudson Canal Company Gravity Railroad, Vol. 1-5.  Carbondale, PA: Carbondale Historical Society and Museum, Inc., 2014.

  • Shank, William H.  The Amazing Pennsylvania Canals.  York, PA: The Historical Society of York County, 1965.

  • Swetnam, G.  Pennsylvania Transportation.  Gettysburg, PA; The Pennsylvania Historical Association, 1968 [second edition].

  • Switch Back Gravity Railroad Foundation, Inc.  Switch Back Gravity Railroad: Pennsylvania's First Railroad; America's FIrst Tourist Railroad.  Jim Thorpe, PA.

  • Treese, Lorett.  Railroads of Pennsylvania: Fragments of the Past in the Keystone Landscape.  Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2003.

  • Troutman, Steve E.  The Treverton, Mahanoy and Susquehanna Railroad.  Mechanicsburg, PA: Sunbury Press, 2010.

  • United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey.  Pennsylvania State Map.  1975, 1:500,000 scale

  • Walker, Mike.  SPV's Comprehensive Railroad Atlas of North America; Northeast.  Kent, England: Stuart Andrews, 2007.

  • Wallace, Anthony F.C.  St. Clair - A Nineteenth-century Coal Town's Experience with a Disaster-prone Industry.  Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981.

  • Wiatrowski, Claude.  Railroads across North America: An Illustrated History.  New York, NY: CRESTLINE (a division of BOOK SALES, INC.), 2012 (by arrangement with Voyageur Press, an imprint of MBI Publishing Company).


Websites (as of  September 2016)

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